(also gastrocnemius muscle)
noun (plural gastrocnemii /-mēˌī/)Anatomy
The chief muscle of the calf of the leg, which flexes the knee and foot. It runs to the Achilles tendon from two heads attached to the femur.
- The gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle, via the Achilles tendon, function as the chief plantar flexors of the ankle joint.
- However, among all the skeletal muscles, the gastrocnemius was probably the most suitable muscle to examine immobilization-induced deconditioning and passive shortening.
- This exercise focuses on the hamstrings but also involves the gastrocnemius muscles.
Late 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek gastroknēmia 'calf of the leg', from gastēr, gastr- 'stomach' + knēmē 'leg' (from the bulging shape of the calf).
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