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genome

Syllabification: ge·nome
Pronunciation: /ˈjēˌnōm
 
/

Definition of genome in English:

noun

Biology
1The haploid set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism, or in each cell of a multicellular organism.
Example sentences
  • The two haploid genomes of the two gametes are then combined to constitute a new individual.
  • No suppressor mutations were isolated from a screen of 104,000 haploid genomes.
  • The gymnosperms are characterized by large genomes and relatively low chromosome numbers; polyploidy is rare.
1.1The complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism.
Example sentences
  • The process is repeated using every gene within every genome as the starting gene.
  • There are four types of changes that may affect the order of the genes on the bacterial genome.
  • This number can be compared with the 40,000 genes thought to be present in the human genome.

Origin

1930s: blend of gene and chromosome.

Derivatives

genomic

1
Pronunciation: /jēˈnämik, -ˈnō-, ji-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • A DNA sequence is amplified from genomic DNA or cDNA using a high fidelity polymerase.
  • The genomic DNA from all cases is mixed together in a pool and that of controls is mixed in the other pool.
  • Almost nothing is known about the evolution and the genomic impact of fish retroelements.

Definition of genome in:

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