Definition of genotype in English:

genotype

Syllabification: gen·o·type
Pronunciation: /ˈjenəˌtīp
 
, ˈjēnəˌtīp
 
/

noun

Biology
The genetic constitution of an individual organism. Often contrasted with phenotype.
More example sentences
  • What evidence to you have that the genotype of such organisms has not evolved?
  • Phenotypic plasticity enables individuals or genotypes to assume obviously different phenotypes during the life cycle.
  • To determine the haplotypes of an individual, the genotypes of both parents may be required.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Investigate the genetic constitution of (an individual organism): the person appointed will be responsible for maintaining and genotyping many different lines of zebra fish
More example sentences
  • Eighteen microsatellites were genotyped in order to investigate which population of the adjacent countries was the possible source.
  • All other plants from crosses involving a resistant mutant line were genotyped.
  • Many rams have already been genotyped for their ability to pass on resistance to scrapie.

Origin

early 20th century: from German Genotypus, from Greek genos 'race, offspring' + -tupos 'type'.

Derivatives

genotypic

Pronunciation: /ˌjenəˈtipik, ˌjē-/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Elite athletes fine-tune these variables so minute genotypic differences can be decisive.
  • Specific genotypic mutations in the protease gene can result in high levels of phenotype resistance to individual protease inhibitors and cross resistance.
  • We also investigate the allelic and genotypic diversities maintained under different rates of clonal reproduction.

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