Share this entry
glomerulus Syllabification: glo·mer·u·lus
Pronunciation: /ɡləˈmeryələs/

Definition of glomerulus in English:

noun (plural glomeruli-ˌlī)

Anatomy & Biology
1A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, in particular.
1.1A cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.
Example sentences
  • The glomerulus filters the blood and the waste products are removed.
  • Pressure of blood in the glomerulus causes fluid to filter into Bowman's capsule.
  • IgA Nepropathy progressively ruins the kidneys' filtering units, called glomeruli.


Pronunciation: /ɡləˈmer(y)ələr/
Example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.

Definition of glomerulus in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources