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graptolite

Syllabification: grap·to·lite
Pronunciation: /ˈɡraptəˌlīt
 
/

Definition of graptolite in English:

noun

An extinct marine invertebrate animal of the Paleozoic era, forming mainly planktonic colonies and believed to be related to the pterobranchs.
  • Class Graptolithina, phylum Hemichordata
Example sentences
  • The Ordovician is best known for the presence of its diverse marine invertebrates, including graptolites, trilobites, brachiopods, and the conodonts (early vertebrates).
  • Other marine fossils commonly found throughout the Silurian record include trilobites, graptolites, conodonts, corals, stromatoporoids, and mollusks.
  • To return to our example, the usual biostratigraphic markers in Middle Paleozoic stratigraphy are graptolites, conodont ‘jaw’ parts, and thelodont scales.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Greek graptos 'marked with letters' + -lite: so named because of the impressions left on hard shales, resembling markings with a slate pencil.

Definition of graptolite in:

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