Definition of gravitation in English:

gravitation

Syllabification: grav·i·ta·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌgraviˈtāSHən
 
/

noun

1Movement, or a tendency to move, toward a center of attractive force, as in the falling of bodies to the earth.
More example sentences
  • He introduced this in 1817 in his study of a problem of Kepler of determining the motion of three bodies moving under mutual gravitation.
  • Aristotle's notion of the motion of bodies impeded understanding of gravitation for a long time.
  • Newton had deduced from his theory of gravitation that the Earth would be flattened at the poles.
1.1 Physics A force of attraction exerted by each particle of matter in the universe on every other particle: the law of universal gravitation Compare with gravity.
More example sentences
  • Based on his universal law of gravitation and laws of motion, he was able to explain the paths of the planets.
  • He attributed gravitation to the forces of mutual attraction between material objects.
  • Newton explicitly rejected the idea that gravitation, or any other force, be essential to matter.
2Movement toward or attraction to something: a tentative gravitation toward the prices that we saw before the announcement
More example sentences
  • According to many experts, however, the move is both a symptom of changing retail trends and a long expected gravitation towards the store's natural born market.
  • Her gravitation towards Italy and Italian culture functions as a kind replacement for the personal and cultural decimation she has witnessed as the daughter and niece of Holocaust victims.
  • It's almost as though we believe our society is caught up in some kind of unstoppable gravitation towards more consumption, more production, more alienation.

Origin

mid 17th century: from modern Latin gravitatio(n-), from the verb gravitare (see gravitate).

Derivatives

gravitational

adjective
More example sentences
  • Such a computer program may be complicated, but basically it uses the simple gravitational theory of Isaac Newton.
  • In walking, kinetic energy is converted to gravitational potential energy and back again, as in a pendulum.
  • The bosons projected to mediate the gravitational force have not yet been observed.

gravitationally

Pronunciation: /-SHənl-ē/
adverb
More example sentences
  • They talked about neutron stars and gravitationally collapsed objects, which at the time were still conjectures.
  • Matter and radiation are gravitationally attractive, so in a maximally symmetric spacetime filled with matter, the gravitational force will inevitably cause any lumpiness in the matter to grow and condense.
  • For example, there doesn't seem to be enough visible matter in the form of stars and interstellar gas to hold most galaxies together gravitationally.

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