Definition of gross in English:

gross

Syllabification: gross
Pronunciation: /ɡrōs
 
/

adjective

1Unattractively large or bloated: I feel fat, gross—even my legs feel flabby
More example sentences
  • At least a third of the people promenading along the seafront were more than just overweight - they were gross, with their swollen bellies leading the way.
Synonyms
1.1Large-scale; not fine or detailed: at the gross anatomical level
More example sentences
  • Primary homology hypotheses were generated for features of gross morphology, leaf anatomy, and chromosome number.
  • Generally, gross lesions are not observed in the central nervous system of birds affected with Newcastle disease virus regardless of the pathotype.
  • In summary, this is an excellent book with extremely useful text, superb gross pictures, and generally very good microscopic pictures.
1.2Complete; blatant: a gross exaggeration
More example sentences
  • The indignation is compounded by evidence of gross corruption.
  • The apathy, lack of understanding and political will and gross corruption in the government enhances the scope of the industry to continue with impunity.
  • Even if we forget about principle and adopt a pragmatic stance, there is little to be gained in appeasing gross violence by the powerful.
Synonyms
1.3Vulgar; unrefined: the duties we felt called upon to perform toward our inferiors were only gross, material ones
More example sentences
  • A man fallen in the ocean of nescience cannot be saved simply by rescuing his outward dress - the gross material body.
  • The former worships the gross material object, while the latter have recourse to imagery.
  • I found your gross tongues disgusting in their barbarism, but still I learned them.
Synonyms
boorish, coarse, vulgar, loutish, oafish, thuggish, brutish, philistine, uncouth, crass, common, unrefined, unsophisticated, uncultured, uncultivated
informal cloddish
1.4 informal Very unpleasant; repulsive: it’s disgusting and gross, but it’s a fact
More example sentences
  • Whilst we gained a sense of Caliban's non-humanness, we lost much sense of him as a gross, repulsive creature.
  • So, to all you spitters out there: it's gross, disgusting, unhealthy and classless, and every time you do it you look like a trashy hood rat.
  • Spiders are fundamentally gross and yucky creatures and any messing with their place in the scheme of things will produce something grosser and yuckier still.
Synonyms
2(Of income, profit, or interest) without deduction of tax or other contributions; total: the gross amount of the gift was $1,000 the current rate of interest is about 6.1 percent gross Often contrasted with net2 (sense 1) of the adjective).
More example sentences
  • A non-resident is taxed in Spain on income arising from Spanish property at the rate of 25 per cent on gross income without any deductions for expenses or interest costs.
  • For self-employed applicants, the Department of Education wants to see a full declaration of total gross income.
  • Figures for income, gross profit, salaries, motor expenses, drawings etc are fed into the Revenue computer system.
Synonyms
total, whole, entire, complete, full, overall, combined, aggregate;
before deductions, before tax, pretax
2.1(Of weight) including all contents, fittings, wrappings, or other variable items; overall: a projected gross takeoff weight of 500,000 pounds
More example sentences
  • This would have permitted much more flexibility in basing since the B-52 is limited by its heavy gross weight and long takeoff ground roll.
  • My body definitely wouldn't handle 7.5 Gs if I didn't adjust my gross weight before takeoff.
  • This whole thing will be run like a classic flight test program of expanding the envelope, but we will always take off at full gross weight.
2.2(Of a score in golf) as actually played, without taking handicap into account.
More example sentences
  • She broke the ladies' course record, on the Kirkwall golf course, on Tuesday evening, with a gross score of 68.
  • A gross score of 66 less their team handicap of 6 produced a net 60.
  • Those scores were gross scores off his newly lowered 27 handicap!

adverb

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Without tax or other contributions having been deducted.
More example sentences
  • Overall they estimate that carers save the State at least E2 billion gross each year.

verb

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Produce or earn (an amount of money) as gross profit or income: the film went on to gross $8 million in the U.S.
More example sentences
  • The oversized celebrity has been in 30 films since 1970, grossing hundreds of millions of dollars.
  • He also informed delegates that the qualifiers had grossed a million less than in the previous year because of falling attendances.
  • When's the last time you hear about a poet's latest world tour grossing a million a night?
Synonyms
earn, make, bring in, take, get, receive, collect
informal rake in

noun

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1 (plural same) An amount equal to twelve dozen; 144: fifty-five gross of tins of processed milk
[From French grosse douzaine, literally 'large dozen']
More example sentences
  • That's like giving a kid a gross of bottle rockets and a new Bic lighter, then leaving the boy unsupervised - and being shocked, shocked to hear small explosions in the distance.
  • Personally, I'm wondering just how much he paid for the gross of grovelling apologies he's been using like there's no tomorrow…
  • It seems county council might benefit if something suitably heavy (a gross of copies of Chicken Little?) were bounced off the thick heads of its members.
2 (plural grosses) A gross profit or income: the box-office grosses mounted
More example sentences
  • Chaplin had big box-office grosses, but he made relatively few pictures.
  • The overall box office grosses for the summer season, which ends today, on Labor Day, is just slightly ahead of last summer's record pace.
  • This is normally a sign that audiences like a film and the film's grosses are going to hold up well in subsequent weeks, so the film's final gross could still be quite good.

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'thick, massive, bulky'): from Old French gros, grosse 'large', from late Latin grossus.

Phrases

by the gross

In large numbers or amounts: impoverished Mexicans who were arrested here by the gross
More example sentences
  • Before you start buying chicken breasts by the gross, here are a few things to consider about eating extra protein.
  • Still, unrequited love is on sale cheap, by the gross.
  • In 1982 I dare say I bought packets of chemical slug pellets by the gross.

Phrasal verbs

gross someone out

North American informal Disgust someone, typically with repulsive or obscene behavior or appearance.
More example sentences
  • I classify scaring the public with such a fact as something equivalent to grossing them out as well.
  • That's okay - I did my best to gross him out by telling him about all the sugar we eat for breakfast here.
  • My sweetie whispered in my ear that it was totally grossing him out and he couldn't eat any.

Derivatives

grossly

adverb
[as submodifier]: Freda was grossly overweight
More example sentences
  • Obese to a lay person would be someone who is seen to be grossly overweight.
  • Six pigs had skin problems and all the other cases had problems ranging from pneumonia to being grossly overweight.
  • Unfortunately, he seems to have cooked the books, and therefore its value was grossly inflated.

grossness

noun
More example sentences
  • Crass suggests a grossness of mind precluding discrimination or delicacy.
  • I realize, of course, that I should not have been competing in adult company so long as I failed to appreciate the grossness of these improprieties.
  • We live in a world soiled by the grossness and wickedness and filth of sin.

Definition of gross in: