A large Arabian and northeastern African baboon, the male of which has a silvery-gray cape of hair and a naked red face and rump. It was held sacred in ancient Egypt. Also called sacred baboon.
- Papio hamadryas, family Cercopithecidae.
- Our data set was comprised of eight species: a Platyrrhini, the white-fronted capuchin monkey, two cercopithecoids: the Barbary macaque and the hamadryas baboon, four hominoids and an outgroup sequence.
- The ancient Egyptians considered hamadryas baboons to be the sacred attendants of Thoth, the scribe to the gods.
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Syllabification: ham·a·dry·as ba·boon
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