The block of rock that lies above an inclined fault or an ore body. Compare with footwall.
- As for the mesoscale normal faults inside the ICruibeke Fault Zone, they cannot be considered as classical brittle planar normal fault planes downwarping a hanging wall relative to a footwall along a single discrete plane.
- Although normal faulting is the dominant deformation style within the study area, folding of pre-rift and syn-rift strata in the footwall and hanging wall of the fault zone is common.
- The faults have a systematic geometric relationship with folds, with anticlines in the mutual hanging walls of fault pairs and broader footwall synclines that define the shallow dish forms of the polygons.
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