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hard

Syllabification: hard
Pronunciation: /härd
 
/

Definition of hard in English:

adjective

1Solid, firm, and resistant to pressure; not easily broken, bent, or pierced: a hard mattress ground frozen hard as a rock
More example sentences
  • Some may insist you sleep on mats on hard floors to straighten out the spine, but they are in a minority.
  • The volunteers used to sleep a dozen to a room on thin pallets laid out on the hard floor of their offices.
  • My youngest daughter fell out of her high chair on to a hard floor.
Synonyms
firm, solid, rigid, stiff, resistant, unbreakable, inflexible, impenetrable, unyielding, solidified, hardened, compact, compacted, dense, close-packed, compressed;
steely, tough, strong, stony, rocklike, flinty, as hard as stone;
frozen
literary adamantine
1.1(Of a person) not showing any signs of weakness; tough: the hard, tough, honest cop
More example sentences
  • Just a sniff of weakness and these hard men will grab the opportunity with both hands.
  • If you look at the nature of people involved in gangs in Scotland, a lot of them would be regarded as being very hard people.
  • Many a coach must have asked their resident hard man to successfully confront Johnson, but none have managed it.
1.2(Of information) reliable, especially because based on something true or substantiated: hard facts about the underclass are maddeningly elusive
More example sentences
  • He urged investors to make their decisions based on hard information and not rumors.
  • I, for one, would need a lot more hard information before I could make my mind up about it.
  • There were constant rumours of further waves but there was no hard information as we had no radio or TV.
Synonyms
reliable, definite, true, confirmed, substantiated, undeniable, indisputable, unquestionable, verifiable
1.3(Of a subject of study) dealing with precise and verifiable facts: efforts to turn psychology into hard science
More example sentences
  • But how far should we go to smuggle hard subjects into the minds of disaffected youth?
  • With so little good hard science on the BBC it's a pity to see a good chunk of the budget go on something so lightweight.
  • The hard sciences, for example, are at the cutting edge of economic development.
1.4(Of water) containing mineral salts that make lathering difficult.
Example sentences
  • The dissolved salts in hard water have a similar effect, so soft water is advised.
  • However, the water was so hard that it could be used only for washing and cleaning purposes.
  • I live in a hard water area and am concerned about the build-up of scale in the central heating system.
1.5(Of prices of stock, commodities, etc.) stable or firm in value.
Example sentences
  • In uncertain times, investors usually prefer the certainty of hard money.
  • It is a company built on hard assets.
  • Since nearly 70% of hard stock is tightly held and not available for sale at the moment, that leaves a very small number of hard shares available.
1.6(Of science fiction) scientifically accurate rather than purely fantastic or whimsical: a hard SF novel
More example sentences
  • I do read a lot of sci-fi novels. There are two types: hard sci-fi and soft sci-fi.
  • He has crafted more realistic versions of the cast that are much more appropriate for the series' hard sci-fi background.
  • My scientific background consists of a few relevant Carl Sagan books and hard sci-fi novels.
1.7(Of a consonant) pronounced as c in cat or g in go.
Example sentences
  • The shorter word with a hard consonant at it's face seemed most fitting.
  • Even their name has no hard consonant sounds.
  • Have you ever noticed how all the truly bigoted expressions are blessed with hard consonants?
2Requiring a great deal of endurance or effort: stooping over all day was hard work
More example sentences
  • It is not only hard physical work that makes people exhausted, stress has a similar effect.
  • In order to be successful with your career or your hobby, you have to put a lot of effort and hard work into it.
  • Searching for new wrecks requires patience and sometimes hard choices.
Synonyms
2.1Putting a lot of energy into an activity: he’d been a hard worker all his life
More example sentences
  • A woodpecker had himself a nice fat acorn, and he was hard at work to crack it open.
  • Hermance was a strong willed person and a hard worker with good organizational skills.
  • By the time they got back round the harbour, three men were already hard at work.
Synonyms
diligent, hard-working, industrious, sedulous, assiduous, conscientious, energetic, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, earnest, persevering, persistent, unflagging, untiring, indefatigable;
studious
2.2Difficult to bear; causing suffering: times were hard at the end of the war he’d had a hard life
More example sentences
  • Talya was the most vulnerable and she had a very hard time. She bore the brunt of her mum's anger.
  • It is a very hard and difficult life when a child in the family is autistic.
  • It's great for Roger because he's had a hard time since he suffered a horrendous injury last season.
Synonyms
harsh, grim, difficult, bad, bleak, dire, tough, austere, unpleasant, uncomfortable, straitened, spartan;
dark, distressing, painful, awful
2.3Difficult to understand or solve: this is a really hard question [with infinitive]: she found it hard to believe that he could be involved
2.4Not showing sympathy or affection; strict: my father is no longer the hard man he once was
More example sentences
  • Taylor considers himself to be something of a hard taskmaster but he has been delighted with the response of his players.
  • Not only is it a hard taskmaster, insatiable in the demands it makes on its followers, it often saves the best till last.
  • Gilbert is a hard taskmaster, but Murray certainly knew that before they got together.
Synonyms
strict, harsh, firm, severe, stern, tough, rigorous, demanding, exacting;
callous, unkind, unsympathetic, cold, heartless, hard-hearted, unfeeling;
intransigent, unbending, uncompromising, inflexible, implacable, stubborn, obdurate, unyielding, unrelenting, unsparing, grim, ruthless, merciless, pitiless, cruel;
standing no nonsense, ruling with a rod of iron
2.5(Of a season or the weather) severe: it’s been a long, hard winter
More example sentences
  • They say the crows nested twice this year as there will be no food to feed the young next spring due to the hard weather.
  • Those words may have to console the goalkeeper through a long, hard winter.
  • That's far too organised and impractical for us, though, as we have a long hard winter to get through.
Synonyms
bitterly cold, cold, bitter, harsh, severe, bleak, freezing, icy, icy-cold, arctic
2.6Harsh or unpleasant to the senses: the hard light of morning
More example sentences
  • The church basement is cold and hard morning light breaks through high windows.
  • Looking out over this parched, shimmering landscape in the cold hard light of morning it's a miracle that anything survives here at all.
  • We drive for a while and suddenly there is a loud, hard noise, and people run in all directions.
2.7(Of wine) harsh or sharp to the taste, especially because of tannin.
Example sentences
  • A hard wine has not aged enough to achieve a proper balance.
  • Too much tannin and the wine is hard and earthy.
  • If your wine is too hard, too tannic, too acidic, snap the pouring unit onto your bottle, pour the wine through it, and it will be altered into a better state by the magnets inside.
3Done with a great deal of force or strength: a hard blow to the head
More example sentences
  • Danny had forced a hard kiss onto her roughly and now, he was standing there shocked.
  • It then made several very long hard runs forcing me to give line and then play it back.
  • The attack involved several hard blows to the side of the head and being punched in the face, according to Mr Dixon.
Synonyms
forceful, heavy, strong, sharp, smart, violent, powerful, vigorous, mighty, hefty, tremendous
4Potent, powerful, or intense, in particular.
4.1(Of liquor) strongly alcoholic; denoting distilled spirits rather than beer or wine.
Example sentences
  • There are eight others, passing around a bottle of hard liquor.
  • I don't drink hard liquor anymore, it drives me insane with rage and I've ended up in jail too many times.
  • My daughter is not used to hard drink.
Synonyms
4.2US (Of apple cider) having alcoholic content from fermentation.
Example sentences
  • Their product, hard cider, is also bottled and exported to other regions and abroad.
  • The bartender sends bottles of hard cider surfing along the top of the crowd to customers jammed into the doorway.
  • Many of our English ancestors used apples extensively to make their favorite drink, hard apple cider.
4.3(Of a drug) potent and addictive.
Example sentences
  • There is fear its use will spread among the thousands of hard drug addicts in Dublin.
  • We know that many of those addicted to hard drugs commit a large proportion of property crime.
  • We need a quantum leap in treatment and rehabilitation of young hard drug addicts.
Synonyms
addictive, habit-forming;
strong, harmful
4.4Denoting an extreme or dogmatic faction within a political party: the hard left
More example sentences
  • Independents can be of the anti-war left, but others come from the populist hard right.
  • Thankfully, the moderate wing of the party split from the hard left and the Falklands War took care of the rest.
  • There are local Liberals who say her own hard right faction was to blame.
4.5(Of radiation) highly penetrating.
Example sentences
  • There's no air, there's hard radiation, there's poison in the ground below you and of course, it's between 100 and 150 degrees below in centigrade.
  • I would think you'd need hard radiation to initiate the cascade, but that the decay product would be softer.
  • While travelling through a medium, hard radiation produces charged particles.
4.6(Of pornography) highly obscene and explicit.
Example sentences
  • There is a hard porn channel on the TV in the communal area of the hotel.
  • Like other addictions, addiction to pornography reaches a point when even ‘hard’ pornography is not enough to produce the excitement the addict wants.
  • The film was never shown in Britain, where hard pornography was banned in cinemas, though plenty of people saw it on pirate videos at home.

adverb

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1With a great deal of effort: they work hard at school
More example sentences
  • The match was hard fought with chances being missed by both sides.
  • He's been training so hard and we're all really proud of the effort he's making.
  • They worked hard all week and it was a great all-round team effort to win it.
Synonyms
informal like mad, like crazy
with difficulty, with effort, after a struggle, painfully, laboriously
1.1With a great deal of force; violently: it was raining hard
More example sentences
  • When the wind and rain blew hard they were forced to use all their strength just to keep from going overboard.
  • The girl nodded at Simon and punched him so hard he was forced into one of the dirt walls.
  • The car hit the kerb so hard the wheels were ripped off and split in two.
Synonyms
severely, badly, acutely, deeply, keenly, seriously, profoundly, gravely
formal grievously
heavily, strongly, in torrents, in sheets;
informal cats and dogs, buckets
2So as to be solid or firm: the mortar has set hard
More example sentences
  • There have been nights where there was sweat on my towel which has frozen rock hard while I've been training.
  • This was a material that once it set hard would not soften under heat.
  • He was lying on his back with the rope around his waist stretched tightly to where it disappeared into snow that was now set hard as concrete.
3To the fullest extent possible: put the wheel hard over to starboard
More example sentences
  • He heeled the car hard over to the right.
  • It hit with a deafening roar, punching the ship sideways so violently that it rolled hard over to port.
  • Most drivers were taught to pump the brakes and turn hard to the right or left in order to compensate for skidding.

Origin

Old English hard, heard, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hard and German hart.

Phrases

be hard on

1
1Treat or criticize (someone) severely: you’re being too hard on her
More example sentences
  • Critics have been hard on what they believe to be unnecessary extravagance during a time of war.
  • But Nolan says the critics have been hard on his fellow Liverpudlian.
  • He was a severe looking man who was known to be hard on his students.
2Be difficult for or unfair to: I think the war must have been hard on her
More example sentences
  • That must have been hard on the daughter when the mother is with someone you hate.
  • You went through those couple of months that must have been hard on you and your family.
  • His mother died… that must have been hard on him.
3Be likely to hurt or damage: the monitor flickers, which is hard on the eyes
More example sentences
  • Since the magazine steel is very hard, cutting was hard on tools until they found a shop that could do it with a laser.
  • Now I've changed the colour scheme, since some people mentioned that a white-on-dark design was hard on their eyes.
  • Hanging on to the vine was hard on the hands and often produced blisters, despite the fact that our hands were well hardened with farm work.

be hard put

2
[usually with infinitive] Find it very difficult: you’ll be hard put to find a better compromise
More example sentences
  • Angry Christmas shoppers were hard put to find a space to park and ended up using every nook and cranny in the town centre to park their cars.
  • Children from a number of schools turned up in large numbers, and the volunteers were hard put to regulate the enthusiastic visitors.
  • In the second world war, the shortage of paper meant that publishers were hard put to stay in business.

give someone a hard time

3
informal Deliberately make a situation difficult for someone.
Example sentences
  • When his turn comes, the workers will not give him a hard time or cause him trouble.
  • She treads a very fine line - the boss gives her a hard time and the boys give her a hard time, so she's sometimes in a no-win situation.
  • If the media's giving you a hard time, don't complain about it publicly.

go hard with

4
dated Turn out to (someone’s) disadvantage: it would go hard with the poor
More example sentences
  • Cutting a helpless throat, even when it belonged to scum like this, went hard with him.
  • And if it goes hard with me, I will stand it, and I will cling to my logic, and I will bear it like a man.
  • One of the things that goes hard with Hetty in the trial is that she at first refuses to give her identity and obdurately denies that she ever had a baby, let alone killed it.

hard and fast

5
(Of a rule or a distinction made) fixed and definitive: it is impossible to lay down any hard and fast rules
More example sentences
  • The programme is mainly aimed at secondary school students, but there are no hard and fast rules and a number of primaries also take part.
  • I don't think there should be any hard and fast rules about this issue.
  • As far as age limits are concerned, there are no hard and fast rules.
Synonyms
definite, fixed, set, strict, rigid, binding, clear-cut, cast-iron, ironclad;

hard as nails

6
see nail.

hard at it

7
informal Busily working or occupied: they were hard at it with brooms and mops
More example sentences
  • We're hard at it, and we're making good progress.
  • There are undoubtedly a few Irish players, not to mention the coach himself, who could do without this trip to South Africa given that they've been hard at it now for almost 12 months.
  • On a sunlit morning, she is already hard at it in a corner of the old downtown premises of local fashion designer Tanya Carlson, where she's trying to finish up some work.

hard by

8
Close to: he lived hard by the cathedral
More example sentences
  • The undertaking establishment was on the Brompton Road hard by the chapel and nearby Trevor Square.
  • Here's a picture of my sunny destination - Tavira, hard by the Spanish border.
  • We lived hard by the factory and our windows gave on the factory yard.
Synonyms
close to, right by, beside, near (to), nearby, not far from, a stone's throw from, on the doorstep of
informal within spitting distance of, ‘a hop, skip, and jump away from’

hard done by

9
British Harshly or unfairly treated: she would be justified in feeling hard done by
More example sentences
  • Faced with the complex task of establishing which party is telling the truth, family court judges tend to defer to the mother, leaving fathers feeling hard done by and resentful.
  • Several other players can feel hard done by to not make the shortlist but, after such a fine team performance, picking three players out was a near-impossible task.
  • ‘I'm fed up feeling hard done by because we have only ourselves to blame,’ said Williamson.

hard feelings

10
[usually with negative] Feelings of resentment: there are no hard feelings, and we wish him well
More example sentences
  • Fortunately there are absolutely no hard feelings.
  • Sarah had firm ideas of what the garden should be like and challenged Matt over one or two of his ideas, forcing him to the return to the drawing board, but she insisted there were no hard feelings.
  • It was just a short letter telling me there were no hard feelings, that he had nothing against me off the field and that what happened on the field was one thing and what happened off it was another.
Synonyms

hard going

11
Difficult to understand or enjoy: the studying is at times hard going
More example sentences
  • It is hard going but it is something I will see through, even if it takes the rest of my life.
  • It's hard going at first - the descriptions are dense, poetic word-paintings - but once you're engaged with the characters you'll be hooked.
  • The article is pretty hard going.

hard hit

12
Badly affected: hard hit by falling oil prices
More example sentences
  • Agricultural land is being snapped up by investors, often wealthy farmers from the north of Ireland who have not been as hard hit by beef bans and food scares.
  • Millions of manufacturing jobs have been lost in this country but now the service industry is also being hard hit.
  • Louisiana towns just east of the Texas border were particularly hard hit by the storm surges and flooding.

a hard nut to crack

13
see nut.
Example sentences
  • Whenever anyone says to me ‘You're a hard nut to crack,’ it just makes me more wary.
  • I know it's going to be a hard nut to crack but we can't just ignore it.
  • Linda is soon to learn that Jennifer is a hard nut to crack.

hard of hearing

14
Not able to hear well.
Example sentences
  • Some of us are hard of hearing and could not hear the officer in the car going by.
  • Judges have ruled that he is hard of hearing rather than deaf, despite medical evidence proving he cannot hear anything.
  • One of the twins was hard of hearing and the other could hear quite well.

hard on (or upon)

15
Close to; following soon after: we followed hard on their tracks
More example sentences
  • These excellent results are following hard on the heels of an impressive Oftsed report.
  • The move follows hard on the heels of an acquisition which has seen business gains in the west of Scotland.
  • The General Strike in England was in 1926, when Auden was nineteen, and it was followed hard upon by the Depression.

hard up

16
informal Short of money: I’m too hard up to buy fancy clothes
More example sentences
  • He could be very generous - lending money to hard up locals, or secretly dropping off a carton of groceries at someone's back door.
  • It really worries me when relatives buy you something even though you know they are hard up.
  • I have always been keen to earn money, so while I couldn't say I have ever been really hard up, it's because I have worked to make sure I'm not.
Synonyms
poor, short of money, badly off, impoverished, impecunious, in reduced circumstances, unable to make ends meet;
informal broke, strapped for cash, strapped

the hard way

17
Through suffering or learning from the unpleasant consequences of mistakes: his reputation was earned the hard way
More example sentences
  • During the last recession, however, everyone learned the hard way that prices could fall.
  • Victory will be earned the hard way, and in the end it may come down to the survival of the fittest.
  • He was very clear in his views and showed that he had learnt the game the hard way.

play hard to get

18
informal Deliberately adopt an aloof or uninterested attitude, typically in order to make oneself more attractive or interesting.
Example sentences
  • They are playing hard to get with the media, and are keeping us all interested.
  • Sometimes when dates played hard to get, it made the chase more interesting and the inevitable surrender more satisfying.
  • ‘He tried to talk to me for a while after we met, but I was playing hard to get,’ she said with a slight smile.

Derivatives

hardish

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • These candles are messy, and hardish to use… at least hardish to use without getting it all over everything else around.
  • I polish my pots with a tumbled agate or back of a spoon when the pots are on the hardish side of leather hard and get a nice shine which carries through even after firing.
  • Sometimes I like to pan two mics one hardish left, and one hardish right for a nice stereo spread of the guitar, but this is not such a good idea if you have other guitars or instruments in the same sonic range in the mix, as it can tend to muddy things up too much, and make for less clarity.

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