Definition of hormone in English:

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hormone

Pronunciation: /ˈhôrˌmōn/

noun

Physiology
1A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
Example sentences
  • These gonadotropins in turn stimulate synthesis of steroid hormones in target tissues.
  • The gene altered in the giant rats makes the protein Leptin, a hormone released by fat cells as an appetite regulator.
  • Insulin is the hormone which keeps blood sugar levels within the normal healthy range.
1.1A synthetic substance with an effect similar to that of an animal or plant hormone.
Example sentences
  • The synthetic hormones have side effects, especially liver qi stagnation and blood stagnation.
  • Anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that cause the body to produce muscle and prevent muscle breakdown.
  • The basic hormone on which all synthetic anabolic steroids are based.
1.2 (hormones) A person’s sex hormones as held to influence behavior or mood.
Example sentences
  • And how can you trust your teenage opinion of people, when those opinions were being formed via rampaging hormones and juvenile mood swings?
  • It may have been his hormones which improved his mood, as I watched him check her out constantly.
  • Follow these steps to keep your hormones in balance - and your hormone-induced mood swings to a minimum.

Origin

Early 20th century: from Greek hormōn, present participle of horman 'impel, set in motion'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: hor·mone

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