Definition of hydrolyze in English:

Share this entry

hydrolyze

Pronunciation: /ˈhīdrəˌlīz/
(British hydrolyse)

verb

[with object] Chemistry
1Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.
Example sentences
  • This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.
  • The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.
  • Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.
1.1 [no object] Undergo chemical breakdown due to reaction with water.
Example sentences
  • When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.
  • Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.
  • In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: hy·dro·lyze

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.