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hypertrophy

Syllabification: hy·per·tro·phy
Pronunciation: /hīˈpərtrəfē
 
/

Definition of hypertrophy in English:

noun

Physiology
The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells.
Example sentences
  • Many risk factors for coronary artery disease also are predictors of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetes mellitus.
  • It leads to left ventricular hypertrophy and increased connective tissue content, both of which decrease cardiac compliance.
  • Cardiac hypertrophy - the enlargement of the heart muscle cells - can be fatal.

Origin

mid 19th century: from hyper- 'beyond, exceeding' + Greek -trophia 'nourishment'.

Derivatives

hypertrophic

1
Pronunciation: /ˌhīpərˈträfik, -ˈtrō-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Dobutamine is contraindicated in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
  • Patients with dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are at increased risk for perioperative heart failure.
  • The most common anomalies are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies.

hypertrophied

2
Pronunciation: /-trəfēd/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Athletes with hypertrophied muscles may be prone to develop this problem if they have the underlying popliteal arterial anatomy.
  • The right ventricle was markedly hypertrophied and dilated, consistent with severe cor pulmonale.
  • This was confirmed at excision biopsy, which also identified the hypertrophied vessel cut during the procedure.

Definition of hypertrophy in:

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