nounPhilosophy & Linguistics
An act of speaking or writing which in itself effects or constitutes the intended action, e.g. ordering, warning, or promising. Compare with perlocution.
- Though both reject a mere psychological description of authorial intent, they differ with regards to whether intention is restricted to illocutions or incorporates perlocutionary elements as well.
- Perlocutions ‘proceed’ from locutions and illocutions, but not vice versa.
- These implicit aspects of the message go beyond the locutionary act itself and also beyond the explicit aspects of its illocution.
- Example sentences
- Austin distinguishes among three components in a total speech act: the locutionary act, the illocutionary act, and the perlocutionary act.
- In this article we analyze the grammar of codes of ethics as a written locutionary act, and attempt to determine their implicit illocutionary and perlocutionary values.
- The illocutionary act is what is directly achieved by the conventional force associated with the issuance of a certain kind of utterance in accord with a conventional procedure.
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