Definition of impulse in English:

impulse

Syllabification: im·pulse
Pronunciation: /ˈimˌpəls
 
/

noun

1A sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act: I had an almost irresistible impulse to giggle
More example sentences
  • Bergman wants to portray the powerful, often destructive desires and impulses lying beneath placid social exteriors.
  • I had a sudden impulse to tell the woman pouring the wine that I loved her.
  • Driven by a mad impulse, I strolled up to the road in front of the cab, and stood before it.
Synonyms
1.1The tendency to act impulsively: he was a man of impulse, not premeditation
2A driving or motivating force; an impetus: an added impulse to this process of renewal
More example sentences
  • Even so, in this process the educated must provide the initial impulse; they must make the masses conscious of themselves and of their destiny.
  • The individual provides the impulse which sets the process of litigation in motion, but the institution - the law - defines the terms.
  • One of the main impulses for devolution in the 1980s and 1990s was the need to defend the social democratic settlement in Scotland and Wales from the neo-liberal attack.
Synonyms
3A pulse of electrical energy; a brief current: nerve impulses a spiral is used to convert radio waves into electrical impulses
More example sentences
  • Implanted osteogenic stimulators deliver electrical impulses directly to the site where bone regrowth needs to occur.
  • Unlike its electrical predecessor, an optical switch does not convert the signal to an electrical impulse before directing it.
  • Using this device he was able to show that the currents traveling through nerves and muscles were in the form of small, brief electrical impulses that we now call action potentials.
Synonyms
pulse, current, wave, signal
4 Physics A force acting briefly on a body and producing a finite change of momentum.
More example sentences
  • This will open the door for the realization that man exists within a huge field of gravitational and magnetic impulses.
  • The process of minimizing an impact force can be approached from the definition of the impulse of force.
  • This hypothesis has been around for decades and the study of it has failed to generate enough positive data to lead us to believe that sound waves instead of ion flux is how impulses are generated.
4.1A change of momentum so produced, equivalent to the average value of the force multiplied by the time during which it acts.
More example sentences
  • The average force and impulse of impact was found to be 1025 N and 11.0 N / s, respectively.
  • The impulse had a value of 1, and the highest peak in the response is less than 0.25, falling rapidly to tiny values.
  • Specific impulse equals thrust multiplied by the time over which the thrust acts.

Origin

early 17th century (as a verb in the sense 'give an impulse to'): the verb from Latin impuls- 'driven on', the noun from impulsus 'impulsion, outward pressure', both from the verb impellere (see impel).

Phrases

on impulse (or on an impulse)

Suddenly and without forethought; impulsively.
More example sentences
  • He had health worries and was short of money but had acted on impulse to provide the children with something he had promised them.
  • Before you are allowed to place a bet there is a message asking you to confirm your bet so you are less likely to act on impulse.
  • I wonder if he really did act on an impulse, or if there's more to it?
Synonyms
impulsively, spontaneously, on the spur of the moment, without forethought, without premeditation

Definition of impulse in:

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Word of the day retroflex
Pronunciation: ˈrɛtrə(ʊ)flɛks
adjective
turned backwards