Definition of inference in English:

inference

Syllabification: in·fer·ence
Pronunciation: /ˈinf(ə)rəns
 
/

noun

1A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.
More example sentences
  • In which case it remains unreasonable to base inductive inferences on evidence described in those terms.
  • The preceding chapters have given us at least some feel for which inferences are deductively valid, and why.
  • Now, if reason generates only judgements about the world and inferences therefrom, it is hard to see how it can be a motive to act.
Synonyms
1.1The process of inferring something: his emphasis on order and health, and by inference cleanliness
More example sentences
  • Nothing more need be added because, by inference, nothing could be more sublime.
  • It became fairly clear, by inference, that the sort of people who bought the clothes she sold were not her sort of people.
  • I couldn't hear what she was saying but it had to be - by inference - that she loves him too.

Origin

late 16th century: from medieval Latin inferentia, from inferent- 'bringing in', from the verb inferre (see infer).

Derivatives

inferential

Pronunciation: /ˌinfəˈrenCHəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Its main contribution was an epistemological method, based on inferential reasoning.
  • The inferential reasoning for tendency or coincidence evidence is considered dangerous as it permits a person to be judged by their conduct on other occasions.
  • Earth, however, has become so modified during its geological history that we cannot use this inferential method to reconstruct the initial state of our own planet.

inferentially

Pronunciation: /ˌinfəˈrenCHəlē/
adverb
More example sentences
  • Certainly, inferentially, his family can testify about certain things and answer certain questions.
  • Notice also that an inferentially justified belief need not have been arrived at through inference, though it often will have been.
  • A party appearing before a tribunal is entitled to know, either expressly stated by it or inferentially stated, what it is to which the tribunal is addressing its mind.

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