Definition of inositol in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /iˈnōsətôl/
Pronunciation: /īˈnōsəˌtôl/ Pronunciation: /iˈnōsəˌtäl/


A simple carbohydrate that occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a vitamin of the B group.
  • Alternative name: hexahydroxycyclohexane; chemical formula: C6H12O6.
Example sentences
  • Betaine, along with choline, methionine, vitamin B12, and inositol, were first known for their ability to protect against the development of fatty liver in animals as early as 1954.
  • Molecules with phosphorylated inositol are termed polyphosphoinositides.
  • In the intact plant, inositol is synthesized in the leaf in response to salinization, and transported to the root in phloem.


Late 19th century: from the earlier name inosite + -ol.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: in·o·si·tol

Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.