Definition of irrigate in English:

irrigate

Syllabification: ir·ri·gate
Pronunciation: /ˈirigāt
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 1Supply water to (land or crops) to help growth, typically by means of channels.
    More example sentences
    • While rainfall registers about 50 inches per year, growers often have to irrigate their crops during extended drought periods.
    • Growers are responsible only for irrigating the crop, making it an attractive alternative for farms with adequate irrigation water.
    • Rebecca uses a sprinkler system to irrigate her crops.
    Synonyms
    water, bring water to, soak, flood, inundate
  • 1.1(Of a river or stream) supply (land) with water.
    More example sentences
    • It has a small cultivable area to be irrigated by these rivers.
    • The waters in these three rivers irrigate the plains of Punjab, which produce most of the wheat and paddy that Indians eat and, if any left, export.
    • The river irrigates the site and enables crops to be transported for trade.
  • 1.2 Medicine Apply a continuous flow of water or liquid medication to (an organ or wound).
    More example sentences
    • For 8 days, the wound was irrigated with normal saline using a 35-cc syringe and a 19-gauge needle.
    • The surgeon copiously irrigates the wound with sterile saline solution and checks for leaks or bleeding.
    • The surgeon thoroughly irrigated the wound with antibiotic irrigation.
    Synonyms
    flush, wash (out), cleanse; flood

Derivatives

irrigable

Pronunciation: /-gəbəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Land has been classified according to 6 land-use capability groups, of which classes 1 through 3 are efficiently irrigable.
  • Mine-tailing has reportedly damaged 40,000 hectares of irrigable farmland.
  • This canal will nurture 2,135 acres of irrigable land and create another 300 acres of irrigable land.

irrigation

Pronunciation: /ˌiriˈgāSHən/
noun
More example sentences
  • We should seriously think of encouraging drip irrigation and ban flood irrigation of crops.
  • Red soil suits this variety and the water used for irrigation should have less salt content, he says.
  • We had a bumper harvest because we improved our farm-to-market roads and irrigation.

irrigator

Pronunciation: /-ˌgātər/
noun
More example sentences
  • Last year, 125,000 megalitres of water, about 60,000 Olympic swimming pools, was kept back from irrigators to keep the river healthy.
  • I guess I'm not heartened by irrigators suggesting - quite appropriately - that they will now change their practices so that they'll reduce their impact.
  • Because it's the Queensland Government's job to regulate its irrigators, there's the perception of state self-interest in this.

Origin

early 17th century: from Latin irrigat- 'moistened', from the verb irrigare, from in- 'into' + rigare 'moisten, wet'.

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