A hydrophobic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
- Key essential amino acids are valine, leucine, isoleucine, tryptophan and methionine.
- Contents of alanine, valine, isoleucine, and leucine were increased by anaerobic conditions.
- ALS is a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the branched-chain amino acids isoleucine and valine.
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