Definition of Jicarilla in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˌhēkəˈrēə/ Pronunciation: /-ˈrēlyə/

noun (plural same or Jicarillas)

1 (also Jicarilla Apache) A member of an Apache people of northern New Mexico.
Example sentences
  • Nonetheless some Apaches, notably the Jicarillas, became friends and allies of the Spanish.
  • My mother is half Puerto Rican - her father was born in San Juan Puerto Rico and her mother was born in Taos, New Mexico on the Jicarilla Apache reservation.
  • Later materials include one rim sherd from a Jicarilla micaceous-ware vessel that dates to roughly A.D.1720-1750 and Euroamerican items.
2The Athabaskan language of the Jicarilla.
Example sentences
  • The Southwestern Athapascan language has seven dialects: Navajo, Western Apache, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, Lipan, and Kiowa-Apache.
  • The last thousand speakers of Jicarilla Apache have such concern over the loss of their language that some are working with a University of New Mexico linguist to compile a dictionary.


Relating to the Jicarilla or their language.
Example sentences
  • When the first Jicarilla tribal council was elected, ten of its 18 members were medicine men and five others were traditional leaders from chiefs' families.


Mexican Spanish: probably diminutive of jícara 'chocolate-cup' (from the shape of a local hill); perhaps from Nahuatl xicalli 'drinking vessel, gourd'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Ji·ca·ril·la

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