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judge

Syllabification: judge
Pronunciation: /jəj
 
/

Definition of judge in English:

noun

1A public official appointed to decide cases in a court of law.
Example sentences
  • The judges made this particular aspect of public policy and the judges are entitled to change it.
  • It has to be applied in a variety of cases, and it is a matter for the judges of the Family Law Court as to whether it applies to a particular case.
  • That would pass over sentencing powers from judges to probation officers, which is the exact opposite of what she said when she began her speech.
Synonyms
1.1A person who decides the results of a competition or watches for infractions of the rules.
Example sentences
  • Mr Lewis will head a panel of judges to select the winning entry.
  • For the 2001 National Open Framing Competition, three judges selected these winners from among the eight entries.
  • London United, the Fulwell-based bus company, is just the ticket for passengers, decided the judges in a prestigious competition.
1.2A person able or qualified to give an opinion on something: she was a good judge of character
More example sentences
  • Is she therefore a good judge of character and ability?
  • A scratch golfer who mixes freely with professionals in that game, McGwire is a good judge of what he sees and hears around the circuit.
  • He had a great attachment to the soil and was a good judge of stock.
1.3A leader having temporary authority in ancient Israel in the period between Joshua and the kings. See also Judges.
Example sentences
  • After him, the period of the judges began, the judges made sure that the Jews were acting properly.
  • Deborah was the only woman to be a judge of Israel, a position equal to that of a king.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Form an opinion or conclusion about: scientists were judged according to competence [with clause]: it is hard to judge whether such opposition is justified [no object]: judging from his letters home, Monty was in good spirits
More example sentences
  • He knows that, judging from opinion poll research, concentrating on Europe as an issue is normally the route to defeat.
  • The majority of America must then be liberals, judging from recent public opinion polls.
  • It sounds like hard work - it is hard work - but judging from the volunteer diaries on the website, it is very rewarding.
Synonyms
form the opinion, conclude, decide;
deduce, gather, infer, gauge, estimate, guess, surmise, conjecture;
regard as, look on as, take to be, rate as, class as
informal reckon, figure
1.1Decide (a case) in court: other cases were judged by tribunal
More example sentences
  • It is important that all cases are judged on the individual circumstances.
  • The judge is bound to endeavor to judge each case on the basis of the codified law.
  • His case will be heard by a three-member disciplinary commission, which will judge the case and assess the penalty.
Synonyms
try, hear;
adjudicate, decide, give a ruling on, give a verdict on
1.2 [with object and complement] Give a verdict on (someone) in court: she was judged innocent of murder
1.3Decide the results of (a competition).
Example sentences
  • The functional digital car competition is judged on effective use of virtual prototyping tools.
  • The kids joined in the auction school, and male vocalist of the year Adam Harvey spent hours judging the ute competition.
  • We won that a few years ago and we go around now judging competitions.
Synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French juge (noun), juger (verb), from Latin judex, judic-, from jus 'law' + dicere 'to say'.

More
  • The word judge, recorded in English since the Middle Ages, looks back to a Latin word based on jus ‘law’ (the source also of just (Late Middle English), justice (Old English), injury (Late Middle English)), and dicere ‘to say’. Judges are often thought of as solemn and impressive figures, and the expression sober as a judge goes back to the 17th century, with sober originally meaning ‘serious, grave’ rather than ‘not drunk’.

Derivatives

judgeship

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Congress voted last fall to create 15 new district judgeships, but the last time appeals courts were expanded was 1990.
  • That's why local judgeships are so rife with corruption.
  • There are no open primaries for New York Supreme Court judgeships.

Words that rhyme with judge

adjudge, begrudge, bludge, budge, drudge, fudge, grudge, misjudge, nudge, pudge, sludge, smudge, trudge

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Pronunciation: ˈɛmjʊləs
adjective
seeking to emulate someone or something