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judgment

Syllabification: judg·ment
Pronunciation: /ˈjəjmənt
 
/
(also judgement)

Definition of judgment in English:

noun

1The ability to make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions: an error of judgment that is not, in my judgment, the end of the matter
More example sentences
  • That her decision was a reasonable decision, in her judgment - in his judgment, I mean.
  • Ten more patients like this simply increases the capacity for those making the decisions to make errors in their judgment.
  • He felt safe with women because they were easier in their judgment of his abilities and feelings.
Synonyms
1.1An opinion or conclusion: they make subjective judgments about children’s skills
More example sentences
  • The underwriter might also charge higher rates based upon subjective judgements and conclusions from their analysis of your property values.
  • Naturally, when making such decisions, one's own culture and pre-conditioned opinions and judgments are strong influences.
  • But when the public world doesn't hold to the idea of cultural value, their judgements are merely personal opinions.
Synonyms
1.2A decision of a court or judge: the Supreme Court upheld the judgment of the Alberta Court of Appeal
More example sentences
  • A motion by the Plaintiffs for a summary judgment as to the Defendants' liability and negligence was dismissed.
  • When reviewing cases, councils will also need to take into account any fresh case law judgments from the Appeal Court that may be relevant.
  • This nuanced study of the U.K. shows how difficult it can be to really tell if Strasbourg judgments and decisions have in practice been properly executed.
Synonyms
2A misfortune or calamity viewed as a divine punishment: the crash had been a judgment on the parents for wickedness
More example sentences
  • In this modern perspective, the death penalty expresses not the divine judgment on objective evil but rather the collective anger of the group.
  • So, Sue asked the DUP councillor, could Katrina have been a divine judgement on born-again Christians?
  • His death is the divine judgment on me and my sins which he, the blessed Lamb of God, took instead of me.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French jugement, from juger 'to judge'.

Usage

In British English, the normal spelling in general contexts is judgement. However, the spelling judgment is conventional in legal contexts, and standard in North American English.

Phrases

against one's better judgment

1
Contrary to what one believes to be wise or sensible.
Example sentences
  • Despite this and against my better judgement, I said Lee could come round for a meal while I was out visiting my sister.
  • They are doing it against their better judgment.
  • I listened to the tape against my better judgment.
Synonyms
reluctantly, unwillingly, grudgingly

pass judgment

2
(Of a court or judge) give a decision concerning a defendant or legal matter: he passed judgment on the accused
More example sentences
  • Judicial review gained added importance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as courts passed judgment on laws regulating corporate behavior and working conditions.
  • It was thought that it would be improper and illogical to ask an appellate jury to pass judgment again on guilt or innocence (unless, on account of gross errors of law the Court of Appeal remits a case to the trial court for a new trial).
  • It should, however, be made clear that under Article 234 the ECJ does not pass judgment on the validity as such of a national law.
2.1Criticize or condemn someone from a position of assumed moral superiority.
Example sentences
  • Though I have strong opinions on all of these, I am not passing judgement on American positions here.
  • We, as citizens, are not in a position to pass judgment on how people deal with such issues in their personal lives.
  • He added that the council was not in a position to pass judgment on the characteristics of the clientele who would use the proposed massage parlour.

reserve judgment

3
Delay the process of judging or giving one’s opinion.
Example sentences
  • ‘I was not happy with the judge reserving judgment,’ he said.
  • Judge Ibbotson reserved judgement on the case to consider the evidence.
  • South African observers praised ‘the tranquillity and the peacefulness’ of the weekend voting, but reserved judgment on whether the process had been free and fair.

sit in judgment

4
Assume the right to judge someone, especially in a critical manner.
Example sentences
  • Their description of the horrors they came across were reported to the judges who later sat in judgement on the leaders of the Reich and must have influenced them in some way.
  • They don't want judges from other countries sitting in judgement on their soldiers and politicians.
  • For example, pretty much everyone agrees that a judge should not sit in judgment in a case on appeal if he participated in the decision below.

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