Definition of liberal in English:

liberal

Syllabification: lib·er·al
Pronunciation: /ˈlib(ə)rəl
 
/

adjective

  • 1Open to new behavior or opinions and willing to discard traditional values: they have more liberal views toward marriage and divorce than some people
    More example sentences
    • In spite of all experience they hoped that Prussia was more open to liberal ideas than Austria.
    • Western countries pride themselves on their supposedly liberal acceptance of different cultures.
    • Why do liberal ideas often connect to unhappiness?
  • 1.1Favorable to or respectful of individual rights and freedoms: liberal citizenship laws
    More example sentences
    • Crime rates here are comparable to, and in many cases lower than, those in countries with liberal gun laws.
    • Freedom and a liberal society was redeemed for some but not all.
    • Look at Ireland and Scotland and their liberal liquor laws - drunks rage all night.
    Synonyms
    tolerant, unprejudiced, unbigoted, broad-minded, open-minded, enlightened; permissive, free, free and easy, easygoing, libertarian, indulgent, lenient
  • 1.2(In a political context) favoring maximum individual liberty in political and social reform: a liberal democratic state
    More example sentences
    • Social reformism within a liberal democratic framework is apparently just one more snare in the mechanism of domination.
    • It comes from a deep-seated conviction that there is only one economic system, the globalised free market, set in the political context of liberal democracy.
    • The Democrats have abandoned any policy of liberal social reform and adapted themselves, in deeds if not in words, to the class-war policies of the Republicans.
    Synonyms
    progressive, advanced, modern, forward-looking, forward-thinking, progressivist, enlightened, reformist, radical
  • 1.3 (Liberal) Of or characteristic of Liberals or a Liberal Party.
    More example sentences
    • Moreover, they tended to characterize conservative senators critically while characterizing liberal senators in flattering terms.
    • The left often laments the ideological gulf between itself and even the most liberal Democrats in office.
    • Most liberal Democrats have never been willing to recognize that extent to which terrorism threatens this country.
  • 1.4 (Liberal) (In the UK) of or relating to the Liberal Democrat Party: the Liberal leader
    More example sentences
    • No, both the Labor and Liberal Parties have always used their patronage system to sometimes stack the board with party political hacks.
    • You have to go back to before the First World War when the then Liberal party held the reins of power in the city.
    • If you're in a safe Labor or safe Liberal seat, you'll get nothing.
  • 1.5 Theology Regarding many traditional beliefs as dispensable, invalidated by modern thought, or liable to change.
    More example sentences
    • Others who had found that church too theologically liberal for their tastes espoused a more traditional theology.
    • In this regard then, post-Christian liberal religion is at odds with peace and justice movements that struggle to remain Christian.
    • These similarities notwithstanding, liberal Catholicism and Modern Orthodoxy seem to be currently facing two different fates.
  • 2 [attributive] (Of education) concerned mainly with broadening a person’s general knowledge and experience, rather than with technical or professional training.
    More example sentences
    • In Korea, general education, rather than liberal education, is the preferred term.
    • Community colleges offering two-year programs in liberal education and occupational training meet both of these criteria.
    • Learning communities can bring general education, liberal education, and, sometimes, the major together.
    Synonyms
  • 3(Especially of an interpretation of a law) broadly construed or understood; not strictly literal or exact: they could have given the 1968 Act a more liberal interpretation
    More example sentences
    • Dr Javaid Iqbal, in the end, approves of the Sufis' liberal interpretation of Islam, which helped poetry, music and dance to find a place in Muslim culture.
    • Many activists of the sharia movement in economic discourse and activities are also against a liberal interpretation of Islam.
    • It seemed a liberal interpretation of the term ‘cosmopolitan’ - but then that's rural living for you.
    Synonyms
    flexible, broad, loose, rough, free, general, nonliteral, nonspecific, imprecise, vague, indefinite

noun

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  • 1A person of liberal views.
    More example sentences
    • Many economic liberals have an optimistic view of economic globalization.
    • Leftists and liberals find this turn of events an indication of bad days to come.
    • How could he be defended in the pages of our press by supposed liberals and left-wingers?
  • 1.1 (Liberal) A supporter or member of a Liberal Party.
    More example sentences
    • To essentially claim that he is no better than the Liberals or Tories is plain sectarianism.
    • The Tories and Liberals were easily beaten into third and fourth places.
    • The Liberals said they were opposed to the war but supported it once it began.

Derivatives

liberalism

Pronunciation: /-ˌlizəm/
noun
More example sentences
  • Nationalism, then, is an ideology emerging directly from the Enlightenment and liberalism.
  • If the former, then he is really Dutch and an heir to the culture that invented modern liberalism.
  • We were an Adam and Eve of enlightened liberalism, and then came the snake, in the form of the tabloids.

liberalist

Pronunciation: /-rəlist/
noun

liberalistic

Pronunciation: /ˌlib(ə)rəˈlistik/
adjective
More example sentences
  • The main plank in the National Socialist program is to abolish the liberalistic concept of the individual

liberally

adverb
More example sentences
  • She steals liberally from the Bollywood musical, while packing in Hollywood conventions.
  • He donated liberally to the Hare Krishna movement and raised funds for the suffering Bangladeshis.
  • The Chinese are spreading money very liberally to countries that are on the commission.

liberalness

noun
More example sentences
  • The Finance and Expenditure Committee did not suggest any changes to the bill that significantly affected the balance between the restrictiveness and the liberalness of the regime.

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin liberalis, from liber 'free (man)'. The original sense was 'suitable for a free man', hence 'suitable for a gentleman' (one not tied to a trade), surviving in liberal arts. Another early sense, 'generous' (sense 4 of the adjective), gave rise to an obsolete meaning 'free from restraint', leading to sense 1 of the adjective (late 18th century).

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