1 Archaeology An ancient Egyptian tomb rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof, standing to a height of 17-20 feet (5-6 m), consisting of an underground burial chamber with rooms above it (at ground level) in which to store offerings.
- The other wives and attendants tombs were built beside the king's pyramid but were only small rectangular tombs or mastabas.
- It might also evoke architectural associations, most explicitly an ancient Egyptian mastaba.
- To the east, three of the king's wives had their own small pyramids, with streets of mastaba - bench-shaped tombs - for his sons and daughters.
2(In Islamic countries) a bench, typically of stone, attached to a house.
- One late afternoon I was sitting with friends on their mastaba, the brick bench attached to the front of the house where much of the neighbourhood's socializing takes place.
- Who could it be other than the grain merchant sitting cross-legged on his bench above the shop's mastaba?
- Although a parapet from inside, outside this spoil creates the stub of a wall or 'mastaba' the sitting bench as it has become known in Arab Egypt.
From Arabic maṣṭaba.
For editors and proofreaders
What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?
Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.