Definition of mastaba in English:
1 Archaeology An ancient Egyptian tomb rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof, standing to a height of 17-20 feet (5-6 m), consisting of an underground burial chamber with rooms above it (at ground level) in which to store offerings.
- The other wives and attendants tombs were built beside the king's pyramid but were only small rectangular tombs or mastabas.
- It might also evoke architectural associations, most explicitly an ancient Egyptian mastaba.
- To the east, three of the king's wives had their own small pyramids, with streets of mastaba - bench-shaped tombs - for his sons and daughters.
2(In Islamic countries) a bench, typically of stone, attached to a house.
- One late afternoon I was sitting with friends on their mastaba, the brick bench attached to the front of the house where much of the neighbourhood's socializing takes place.
- Who could it be other than the grain merchant sitting cross-legged on his bench above the shop's mastaba?
- Although a parapet from inside, outside this spoil creates the stub of a wall or 'mastaba' the sitting bench as it has become known in Arab Egypt.
From Arabic maṣṭaba.
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