Definition of mastaba in English:

mastaba

Syllabification: mas·ta·ba
Pronunciation: /ˈmastəbə
 
/
(also mastabah)

noun

  • 1 Archaeology An ancient Egyptian tomb rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof, standing to a height of 17-20 feet (5-6 m), consisting of an underground burial chamber with rooms above it (at ground level) in which to store offerings.
    More example sentences
    • The other wives and attendants tombs were built beside the king's pyramid but were only small rectangular tombs or mastabas.
    • It might also evoke architectural associations, most explicitly an ancient Egyptian mastaba.
    • To the east, three of the king's wives had their own small pyramids, with streets of mastaba - bench-shaped tombs - for his sons and daughters.
  • 2(In Islamic countries) a bench, typically of stone, attached to a house.
    More example sentences
    • One late afternoon I was sitting with friends on their mastaba, the brick bench attached to the front of the house where much of the neighbourhood's socializing takes place.
    • Who could it be other than the grain merchant sitting cross-legged on his bench above the shop's mastaba?
    • Although a parapet from inside, outside this spoil creates the stub of a wall or 'mastaba' the sitting bench as it has become known in Arab Egypt.

Origin

from Arabic maṣṭaba.

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