There are 2 main definitions of median in English:

## median 1

Pronunciation: /ˈmēdēən/

[attributive]
1Denoting or relating to a value or quantity lying at the midpoint of a frequency distribution of observed values or quantities, such that there is an equal probability of falling above or below it: the median duration of this treatment was four months
More example sentences
• He says the poorest bankruptcy filers, people who fall below the median income in their state, can wipe out their debts the same way they did before.
• The first value corresponds to the most heterogeneous values observed in the literature and the second to a median value.
• Frequencies of recombination correspond to the median value of two or three fluctuation tests, each one done with six independent colonies.
1.1Denoting the middle term of a series arranged in order of magnitude, or (if there is no middle term) the average of the middle two terms. For example, the median number of the series 55, 62, 76, 85, 93 is 76.
Example sentences
• The median number of copies sold per week for the average book on the New York Times Best-selling list was 3,600.
• Most families are middle-class; the median household income in 1989 was \$38,586.
• Further, the simple mean, median, and weighted average estimates for early, middle, and late estimates are quite close.
Synonyms
2 technical, chiefly Anatomy Situated in the middle, especially of the body: the median part of the sternum
More example sentences
• However, results may be limited, because the bladder neck and median prostate lobe cannot be treated.
• The normally obliterated umbilical artery within the urachus forms the median umbilical ligament in the adult.
• The volar compartment includes forearm wrist flexors, pronator tendons, and median and ulnar nerves and arteries.

## noun

1The median value of a range of values: acreages ranged from one to fifty-two with a median of twenty-four
More example sentences
• We calculated means, standard deviations, medians, and interquartile ranges as appropriate.
• Values are medians (interquartile ranges) unless stated otherwise.
• Descriptive statistics, including means, medians, range, standard deviation, and frequencies, were used to enumerate the TAT process.
2 (also median strip) North American The strip of land between the lanes of opposing traffic on a divided highway.
Example sentences
• Coimbatore city has many such road medians, roadside parks and traffic islands.
• Also, we have requested the Public Works Department to install raised central medians on the highway roads to prevent people from crossing the road at will.
• And if everything goes well, the city's public gardens, roadside gardens and medians will use treated water for their maintenance by 2006.
3 Geometry A straight line drawn from any vertex of a triangle to the middle of the opposite side.
Example sentences
• Perpendicular bisectors of two pieces of its medians form a hexagon with opposite sides parallel (and some additional features).

## Derivatives

#### medianly

Example sentences
• Apart from a shallow median sulcus which remains relatively narrow, the external surface is ornamented by fine and regular bands of microspines (about three bands per 1 mm valve length medianly).
• Externally the more medianly situated spine rows in the Spanish species are at about 45 degrees from the hinge line, as compared to about 60 degrees in A. satunensis.
• A second cephalon shows the anterior margin complete medianly and crossed by the median suture.

## Origin

Late Middle English (denoting a median vein or nerve): from medieval Latin medianus, from medius 'middle, middle of'.

More
• mean from Old English:

The word mean means many things in English. The ancient root of Old English mean ‘to intend to convey’ is related to mind. The original meaning of mean ‘not generous, small-minded’ (Middle English) was ‘common to two or more people’, reflecting its ancient root, shared with Latin communis ‘common’ ( see commonplace). Modern uses developed from ‘low on the social scale’ through ‘inferior’, while a complete reversal comes in the informal sense ‘excellent’, dating from the early 20th century. Use as a term of approval has a precursor in expressions involving a negative, no mean…: in the Bible St Paul declared ‘I am …a Jew of Tarsus…a citizen of no mean city.’ The mathematical use of mean, ‘an average’ (Middle English), goes back to Latin medianus ‘middle’, source also of median (Late Middle English). This is the mean behind means ‘a method’, as in a means to an end, a thing that is not valued or important in itself but is useful in achieving an aim.

## Words that rhyme with median

Archimedean, comedian, epicedian, tragedian

Syllabification: me·di·an

## Median 2

Pronunciation: /ˈmiːdɪən/
Pronunciation: /ˈmēdēən/

Relating to Media, an ancient region of Asia to the southwest of the Caspian Sea: the Median empire
More example sentences
• It is said that he is represented as a king of an intermediate and independent Median empire.
• His predecessors ruled Parsumash, a vassal state of the Median empire.
• They even live in the old Median lands of the Middle East.

Syllabification: Me·di·an

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