A velvet-black variety of andradite (garnet).
- A dark brown melanite garnet is restricted in occurrence to nepheline-bearing sövite and ijolite.
- The variety melanite was once used in mourning jewelry, but does not have any gem use nowadays.
- At first glance these would appear to be melanite but the closeup shows a bright red translucence at the crystal edges and fracture planes.
Early 19th century: from Greek melas, melan- 'black' + -ite1.
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