Definition of meninges in English:

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meninges

Pronunciation: /məˈninjēz/

plural noun (singular meninx /ˈmēniNGks/ /ˈmeniNGks/)

Anatomy
The three membranes (the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that line the skull and vertebral canal and enclose the brain and spinal cord.
Example sentences
  • Moving inwards from the skull towards the brain, or from the vertebral canal towards the spinal cord, the three meninges are: dura mater or pachymeninx (Greek pachy, meaning thick), arachnoid mater, and pia mater.
  • In infants and children, the most common reason for doing a lumbar puncture is to look for an infection of the meninges, the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord.
  • Coxsackie viruses can also cause meningitis, an infection of the meninges (the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord), and rarely, encephalitis, a brain infection.

Derivatives

meningeal

Pronunciation: /məˈninjēəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The innermost meningeal layer, the pia mater, is closely applied to the surface of the brain tissue and carries many small arteries and veins.
  • Triptans work by vasoconstricting the meningeal blood vessels.
  • Pigmented primary intracranial tumors other than meningeal melanocytomas and melanomas are rare.

Origin

Modern Latin, from Greek mēninx, mēning- 'membrane'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: me·nin·ges

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