Definition of Menshevik in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈmen(t)SHəˌvik/

noun (plural Mensheviks /ˈmenCHəˌviks/ or Mensheviki /ˌmenCHəˈvikē/)

A member of the non-Leninist wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, opposed to the Bolsheviks and defeated by them after the overthrow of the tsar in 1917.
Example sentences
  • A strong Social Democrat Party of Mensheviks emerged in Georgia in the early 20th century, which formed a brief republic, under British protection.
  • It was June 1917 and Kerensky had formed a provisional government that included the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries - but also representatives of the capitalist parties such as the Cadets.
  • Here he is referring to the revolutionary socialist party which was split between the Mensheviks on the right and the Bolsheviks on the left.


Relating to or characteristic of Mensheviks or Menshevism.
Example sentences
  • For most of the period from 1903 to 1917, Trotsky stood outside the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, often spearheading attempts to bring the two factions together.
  • In fact the issues go back 100 years to the split in 1903 between the Bolshevik and Menshevik tendencies in the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
  • The newspaper appeared in early 1917 as the organ of the Petersburg Soviet, then dominated by the Social Revolutionary and Menshevik parties, i.e., as the organ of petty-bourgeois democracy.



Pronunciation: /-ˌvizəm/
Example sentences
  • Sacha Ismail's response to my article on Menshevism confirms my belief that even in the very best Trotskyist organizations, members remain ill-informed about the very foundations of their politics.
  • In noting the significance of the reference to Bolshevism and Menshevism in this passage, it is worth remembering what the main difference between Bolshevism and Menshevism before 1917 actually was.
  • The whole story of Bolshevism, Lenin said, was a struggle against Menshevism, of which Turati was a clear-cut representative in Italy.


Pronunciation: /-vist/
Example sentences
  • In 1918 rightists and Menshevists took the power in Trancaucasia and they declared ‘Independent Democratic Republics’ of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
  • Exiled from Russia as a Menshevist, he lived for some time in Belgium and at the outbreak of the Great War went to London, where he was known in Socialistic circles.
  • In 1918 in Transcaucasia the government was taken by rightists and Menshevists, and they declared ‘Independent Democratic Republics’ of Armenia, Azerbaidjan and Georgia.


From Russian Menʹshevik 'a member of the minority', from menʹshe 'less'. Lenin coined the name at a time when the party was (untypically) in the minority for a brief period.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Men·she·vik

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