Definition of merchant in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈmərCHənt/


1A person or company involved in wholesale trade, especially one dealing with foreign countries or supplying merchandise to a particular trade: the area’s leading timber merchant a tea merchant
More example sentences
  • Some of the well-known family businesses include timber merchants and builders' providers the McMahon Group.
  • On the Chinese side, the Canton authorities limited trade with the foreign merchants to a group of Chinese merchant houses, the Hongs, nominally thirteen in number.
  • In the printing industry, for example, very large printers obtain their inks direct from manufacturers, while smaller printers tend to rely on wholesale merchants.
1.1chiefly North American A retail trader; a store owner: the credit cards are accepted by 10 million merchants worldwide
More example sentences
  • All Pro projects that the products will bring in more than $8-million in retail sales to area merchants.
  • Inside the walls were the rest, the ones who fell into the middle, the lower merchants, traders, dealers, hawkers, along with business of all kinds crammed into the walls.
  • Most of these marketing efforts were directed toward retail merchants.
trader, dealer, wholesaler, broker, agent, seller, buyer, buyer and seller, vendor, distributor, peddler, retailer, shopkeeper, storekeeper
1.2(Especially in historical contexts) a person involved in trade or commerce: prosperous merchants and clothiers had established a middle class
More example sentences
  • He also initiated trade between the Franks and the Muslims and made commercial pacts with the merchants of Venice who traded with both Byzantium and Islam.
  • In virtue of the abundant salt produced in Shanxi, the earliest Shanxi merchants arrived on the historical stage.
  • It was founded high on a series of hills by prosperous Saxon merchants in the Middle Ages.
2 [usually with modifier] informal, chiefly derogatory A person with a partiality or aptitude for a particular activity or viewpoint: his driver was no speed merchant a merchant of death
More example sentences
  • I have only heard what Jimmy told me, which was told to him by Lawrence, the Champion embellisher wind-up merchant - he spread it round the neighbourhood we were lost in the Maldives.
  • A rarity from the archives, this solo album was recorded for the Japanese market a quarter of a century ago, when he was almost as well known as the thinking person's funk merchant as a straightahead pianist.
  • I work in internet advertising (but not in sales, I have my pride) so sometimes the spam merchant techniques to grab people's attention will perk my interest.


1Relating to merchants, trade, or commerce: the growth of the merchant classes
More example sentences
  • At this stage in history, the merchant class, desperate for money to finance their adventures, struggled with the monopoly of the moneylenders and overcame it.
  • In the end, it will be commerce and the merchant class that will provide, and they will have to go it alone, without the help of superpowers.
  • Toward the left foreground are the small yellow houses of the common people; note the red roofs of the merchant class, clustered around the open bazaar.
1.1(Of ships, sailors, or shipping activity) involved with commerce rather than military activity: a merchant seaman
More example sentences
  • She gave protection to the merchant ships and sailors, and gave those ashore confidence that the vital supplies would always get through under her watchful eye.
  • The rest of his young adulthood became a quest for financial security, and he shipped out as a merchant sailor.
  • Built of English oak and Cornish elm, they are traditionally designed and locally built rowing boats originally used to deliver pilots to incoming merchant ships.


Middle English: from Old French marchant, based on Latin mercari 'to trade', from merx, merc- 'merchandise'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: mer·chant

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