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mitochondrion

Syllabification: mi·to·chon·dri·on
Pronunciation: /ˌmīdəˈkändrēən
 
/

Definition of mitochondrion in English:

noun (plural mitochondria /-drēə/)

Biology
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
Example sentences
  • Chloroplasts are cell organelles comparable to the mitochondria of animal cells.
  • Inside the cytoplasm are mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.
  • The singlet oxygen damages cell membranes, mitochondria and cell nuclei.

Origin

early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread' + khondrion (diminutive of khondros 'granule').

Derivatives

mitochondrial

1
Pronunciation: /-drēəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • This precaution may extend to all mutants with defective mitochondrial morphology.
  • Destructive and degradative rearrangement of mitochondrial ultrastructure under anaerobic stress.
  • They localized preferentially at mitochondrial sites and perinuclear regions.

Definition of mitochondrion in:

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