Definition of mitochondrion in English:

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mitochondrion

Pronunciation: /ˌmīdəˈkändrēən/

noun (plural mitochondria /-drēə/)

Biology
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
Example sentences
  • Chloroplasts are cell organelles comparable to the mitochondria of animal cells.
  • Inside the cytoplasm are mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.
  • The singlet oxygen damages cell membranes, mitochondria and cell nuclei.

Origin

Early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread' + khondrion (diminutive of khondros 'granule').

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: mi·to·chon·dri·on

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