noun (plural mitoses /-sēz/)Biology
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth. Compare with meiosis.
- It is generally assumed that DNA chains are randomly segregated to daughter cells during mitosis.
- Centromeres are essential for the proper segregation of chromosomes at mitosis and meiosis.
- Counting cells at mitosis or interphase is universally applicable.
- Example sentences
- This is most likely to be a problem for mutants with a mitotic phenotype.
- Spermatogonia are the mitotic germ cells of the testis from which sperm arise by spermatogenesis.
- Only mononuclear protoplasts were capable of complete cell wall regeneration and mitotic division.
Late 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread'.
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