Definition of monosome in English:

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monosome

Pronunciation: /ˈmänəˌsōm/

noun

Biology
An unpaired (usually X) chromosome in a diploid chromosome complement.
Example sentences
  • RSLs are lines in which a chromosome pair is replaced by a recombined monosome (monosomic RSL) or disome (disomic RSL).
  • This shoulder peak disappears if extracts are centrifuged under conditions that dissociate monosomes and polysomes into free 40S and 60S subunits.
  • Thirty-four monosomes and telosomes, representing 18 of the 26 chromosomes, were used in combination with six mutants that were associated with nine loci.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: mon·o·some

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