Definition of morpheme in English:
1A meaningful morphological unit of a language that cannot be further divided (e.g., in, come, -ing, forming incoming).
- In this approach, the specimen sentence has 13 monemes divided into 8 morphemes and 5 lexemes.
- Cognitive Grammar takes the very strong position that all words and morphemes in a language are symbolic.
- These include the order in which second language morphemes are acquired, learners' errors, and the stages of inter-language development.
1.1A morphological element considered with respect to its functional relations in a linguistic system.
- The model of morpheme classification assumes that there are three types of system morphemes (functional elements) as well as content morphemes.
- With respect to the plural morpheme, it is not only the case that it occurs very often in English text, but it also attaches to very many different noun stems.
- Specifically, it is suggested that the meaning of the tense morphemes alone do not completely determine the temporal interpretation of a sentence.
- Example sentences
- The smallest possible unities - phonemic - are integrated into ever higher levels of unity - morphemic, syntactic, syntagmatic, narratological - that are simultaneously equivalent to ‘higher’ levels of thought.
- Comparisons with the reading-age control group indicated that, while the dyslexic children were poorer in the morphemic segmentation tasks, they performed normally for their reading level in the sentence completion tasks.
- No difference was found between dyslexic and younger normal readers in tasks such as word derivation in a sentence context, production of derived, inflected and compound forms of pseudowords, and synthesis of morphemic element.
- Example sentences
- The translation sentence is to have the syntax of the original, and to differ only morphemically.
- Compounds and derivatives tend to be spelled morphemically, the established grapheme bases are usually retained regardless of the phonemic alterations involved.
- For example, the model has already been used to examine how the meanings of morphemically complex words are accessed during reading.
Late 19th century: from French morphème, from Greek morphē 'form', on the pattern of French phonème 'phoneme'.
Definition of morpheme in:
- British & World English dictionary
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