A state in the southwestern US, on the border with Mexico; population 1,984,356 (est. 2008); capital, Santa Fe; statehood, Jan. 6, 1912 (47). It was obtained from Mexico in 1845 (annexation of Texas), 1848 (Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican-American War), and 1853 (Gadsden Purchase).
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