1Relating to or denoting the third epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Eocene and Miocene epochs.
- It includes the Palaeocene, Eocene, and Oligocene epochs, spanning the time from the end of the Mesozoic to the beginning of the Neogene, i.e. from 65 Ma to 23 Ma.
- In profiles though the summit, Qum Kuh can be considered as a pile of recumbent fold nappes of gneissose and mylonitic Oligocene and Miocene salts that have extruded from depth and gravity spread over recent gravels.
- Profiles through the summit of a small nearly axisymmetric extrusion of Oligocene and Miocene salt, and simple analogue models of it, simulate the profiles of piles of ductile nappes extruded from convergent orogens.
Mid 19th century: from oligo- 'few' + Greek kainos 'new'.
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