Definition of orthogonal in English:
orthogonal
Syllabification: or·thog·o·nalPronunciation: /ôrˈTHägənl
/
adjective
1Of or involving right angles; at right angles.
More example sentences
 Lanczos was much influenced by Fejér; he learnt from him about Fourier series, orthogonal polynomials, and interpolation.
 As we have noted above, other contributions by Steinhaus were on orthogonal series, probability theory, real functions and their applications.
 From these beginnings he moved to prove a number of limit theorems, now known as the Szegö limit theorem, the strong Szegö limit theorem and Szegö's orthogonal polynomials and on the unit circle.
2 Statistics (Of variates) statistically independent.
More example sentences
 Disciplinary infractions were further summarized by entering the 18 remaining codes into a principalcomponents analysis using an orthogonal rotation.
 A test of the hypothesis that ß 1 = 1 can be constructed from the orthogonal regression estimate and standard error for 1.
 Gram is best remembered for the GramSchmidt orthogonalisation process which constructs an orthogonal set from an independent one.
2.1(Of an experiment) having variates that can be treated as statistically independent.
More example sentences
 Participants always sorted on proportion in Experiment 2, with orthogonal or onedimensional stimulus sets.
 Taguchi first determines the control factors that go into designing a product, their interdependencies, then generates an orthogonal array specifying the number of experiments required to find the optimal solution.
 The presence of a dicentric chromosome was confirmed by Southern blot analysis of orthogonal field alternating gel electrophoresis gels.
Origin
late 16th century: from French, based on Greek orthogōnios 'rightangled'.
Derivatives

orthogonality
 More example sentences
 The assumption of orthogonality seems to present the fewest difficulties at present.
 In DB9713 the orthogonality of the partial great circle girdle with respect to the lineation supports the above interpretation of the apparent symmetry in the caxis pattern.
 When Darboux proved the orthogonality of systems of homofocal ovals, he also showed that ovals provide a geometrical interpretation of the addition theorem and that they constitute the algebraic form of the integral solution.

orthogonally
adverb
 More example sentences
 The Q y axes of BChla in LH1 are, along with the ring, to be coupled strongly, but the orthogonally oriented Q x axes are parallel and do not overlap.
 The side AB = c is taken as a reference direction in each case, and for mathematical convenience is defined such that [Theta] c is always the largest angle or C projects orthogonally onto line AB and not outside it.
 Because the two sets of antagonistic IFMs are oriented orthogonally within the thorax, contractions in one set activate the other after a short delay, and the entire system functions as a mechanical resonator.
Pronunciation: /ôrˌTHägəˈnalitē/
noun
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Pronunciation: ˈsɛmbləns
noun
the outward appearance or apparent form of something…