The foreign policy of detente of western European countries with reference to the former communist bloc, especially the opening of relations with the Eastern bloc by the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in the 1960s.
- In its generic form, Ostpolitik comprised the Federal Republic of Germany's political relationships with its East European neighbors and the Soviet Union.
- The issue that brought the two parties together was the development of a new Ostpolitik, which sought to normalize relations with eastern Europe.
- As a precondition to that aim, his new Ostpolitik began with the Moscow Treaty of 12 August 1970, in which West Germany de facto recognized the postwar annexations of German territory by the USSR and Poland.
German, from Ost 'east' + Politik 'politics'.
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