A stratum or soil horizon that was formed as a soil in a past geological period.
- Uniformitarians believe that paleosols (ancient soil horizons) are common throughout the stratigraphic record.
- These are not features of modern soil formation because these palaeosols were on steep slopes and excavated to improve exposure.
- It may be argued that this approach is compromised by climatic differences noted here between palaeosols and surface soils.
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