Definition of paradigm in English:

paradigm

Syllabification: par·a·digm
Pronunciation: /ˈperəˌdīm
 
/

noun

1 technical A typical example or pattern of something; a model: there is a new paradigm for public art in this country
More example sentences
  • Don't get me wrong I can understand having certain rules, methodologies, standards etc, I just don't think these paradigms are a good example.
  • This present campaign is a paradigm of Washington's pattern of accusing others of doing what Washington is planning to do or has already done.
  • He says a creative leap is a new pattern, a new paradigm, a new way of organizing information and energy that has nothing to do with the previous pattern.
Synonyms
model, pattern, example, exemplar, template, standard, prototype, archetype
1.1A worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject: the discovery of universal gravitation became the paradigm of successful science
More example sentences
  • This clash between scientific ideas and paradigms we label science politics.
  • Deism reflected the scientific paradigm of the times in which the world inexorably and thoroughly followed strict mathematical laws of nature.
  • The ID folks are constantly telling us that evolution is failing as a scientific paradigm, and that scientists are jumping ship in droves.
2A set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles: English determiners form a paradigm: we can say “a book” or “his book” but not “a his book.” Often contrasted with syntagm.
More example sentences
  • In linguistics, a paradigm is a set of systematically alternating items. A paradigm is complementary to a syntagm, which is a set of items used in systematic combination.
2.1(In the traditional grammar of Latin, Greek, and other inflected languages) a table of all the inflected forms of a particular verb, noun, or adjective, serving as a model for other words of the same conjugation or declension.
More example sentences
  • And of course to do that, you do in fact need to learn all those paradigms of verbs and nouns, the amo, amas, amat stuff.
  • Reformers rejected the teaching of modern languages through grammatical paradigms, specimen sentences, and word lists.
  • Chinese has no case distinctions or gender distinctions in the inflectional paradigm of its third person singular pronoun.

Origin

late 15th century: via late Latin from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai 'show side by side', from para- 'beside' + deiknunai 'to show'.

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