Definition of passive in English:
1Accepting or allowing what happens or what others do, without active response or resistance: the women were portrayed as passive victims
More example sentences
- Historians are now concerned with resistance in active and passive forms, organised and impromptu, group and individual, male and female, political, economic, and cultural.
- Active, not passive, response is called forth as is perseverance over the long haul.
- As Hickey noted, peasants have many methods of passive and active resistance, and force is often counterproductive as a motivator.
1.1 Chemistry (Of a metal) made unreactive by a thin inert surface layer of oxide.
- This chromium oxide film is passive and stable, and it seals the base metal from exposure to the atmosphere, thereby precluding further oxidation.
- The Nernst equation indicates whether passive K + uptake can be mediated by ion channels or if there is a need for carrier-mediated transport.
- I expected that the passive design would require a greater cooling surface area - or at least, metal tubing instead of plastic hoses to provide better thermal dissipation.
1.2(Of a circuit or device) containing no source of electromotive force.
- As the demand for optical reach continues to increase, passive filters are no longer sufficient, and greater individual wavelength control is required.
- Most optical gas sensors are passive, relying on the inherent spectroscopic properties of the gases themselves.
- The pipette is simply a passive device that enables the recording, whereas a planar electrode offers the opportunity to further integrate devices on chip.
1.3(Of radar or a satellite) receiving or reflecting radiation from a transmitter or target rather than generating its own signal.
- System and method for determining the location of a transmitter using passive reflectors or refractors as proxy receivers and using database querying
- It can be fired as a long-range standoff missile, or its all-aspect passive radar homing seeker can be used to detect and attack targets of opportunity.
- The 82845GV GMCH is just adjacent, and is cooled by a rather small passive heatsink only.
1.4Relating to or denoting heating systems that make use of incident sunlight as an energy source.
- A skylight can be an efficient and desirable source of passive solar heating, assuming that you need the heat.
- Other systems include integrated wastewater treatment, photovoltaic electrical systems, solar hot water and passive solar heating.
- Energy-conscious design may combine conservation methods, such as insulation and thermostat set-back, with passive solar heating.
2 Grammar Denoting or relating to a voice of verbs in which the subject undergoes the action of the verb (e.g., they were killed as opposed to he killed them). The opposite of active.
- But the framers set a grammatical conundrum for us when they put the main clause in the passive voice: ‘shall not be infringed’.
- Nominalization is one way to avoid reference to the agent of an action (here, who did the shooting), but it's not the same as using the passive voice.
- The general pattern appears to be that the unmarked, active voice acts as a same function category, while the marked, passive voice indicates a switch in function.
nounGrammar Back to top
1A passive form of a verb.
- It was thought to be characterized by a fairly high proportion of such features as subordinate clauses, adjectives, the pronoun I and passives.
- With this framework, one can see politeness strategies in regularities of scientific style - such as the use of pronouns and of passives - that are usually explained in terms of conventions.
- But readies for does not occur at all, and the six occurrences of readied for are all passives (so they illustrate the transitive verb).
1.1 (the passive) The passive voice.
- We have already observed that during the time of Hellenistic Greek, the middle voice form was losing ground to the passive.
- This often works, but if you are writing in the active mood, the changes to the passive for the circumlocutions can be irksome.
- But I really do hate passive voice and buried claims like the plague.
- Example sentences
- Would we passively accept this because ‘not everyone depends on electricity’?
- How can somebody dictate that whilst outside in the fresh air, more than 10 metres away that they are passively smoking.
- But what if it could be done covertly, passively, through inaction rather than action?
- Example sentences
- They were well known for their political passiveness, a position supported by a deep-seated belief in impotency of ordinary folk in the face of political ambitions.
- They have a poor memory, which is the direct result of their general passiveness in world politics, as well as their general apathy towards their immediate environment.
- An increased awareness of the power of big business should provide an incentive to participate in the democratic process in order to end any passiveness on the part of the government.
- Example sentences
- Where reductionism is about changing nature to produce benefits for man, holism preaches passivity and inactivity.
- It was a picture of inertia and passivity, just lying there without a move.
- Consumer passivity and inertia are the greatest allies of the rapacious banks and other financial institutions.
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