1 (in full pellitory of Spain) A plant of the daisy family, Anacyclus pyrethrum, with a pungent-flavored root, used as a local irritant, etc.
- In the thirteenth century we read in old records that Pellitory of Spain was 'a proved remedy for the toothache' with the Welsh physicians.
- The root of pellitory possesses very pungent stimulating properties, which, when chewed, give a sharp and tingling sense of heat in the mouth, and excite a copious flow of saliva.
2 (also pellitory of the wall) A European plant of the nettle family with greenish flowers that grows on or at the foot of walls or in stony places.
- Parietaria judaica, family Urticaceae
- Results of earlier prick tests and radioallergosorbent tests were positive for wall pellitory and grasses, and the tests resulted in a mild increase in peripheral blood eosinophil counts (0.6-0.7 x 10 / l (6-7%)).
Late Middle English: alteration of obsolete parietary, from Old French paritaire, based on Latin paries, pariet- 'wall'.
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