noun (plural penalties)
- 1A punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract: the charge carries a maximum penalty of ten years' imprisonmentMore example sentences
- Even if he does, the maximum penalty for breaking the rules is a fine of $2,000 per violation.
- Causing death by careless driving while under the influence of drink or drugs carries maximum penalties of ten years in prison, an unlimited fine and a minimum two-year driving ban.
- The charges carry a maximum penalty of five life sentences.
- 1.1A disadvantage or unpleasant experience suffered as the result of an action or circumstance: the cold never leaves my bones these days—one of the penalties of ageMore example sentences
- Kimi's third place reflects his poor starting position resulting from a penalty he suffered following an engine change on Saturday.
- But he admits they are now paying the penalty for running with a small squad.
- This ultimately destroys the very reason for Jesus' redemptive work on the Cross - paying the penalty of death for our sin.
- 2(In sports and games) a disadvantage or handicap imposed on a player or team, typically for infringement of rules.More example sentences
- The officials, from the same habitus as the runners, control the sport and impose penalties when they detect infringements of the rules.
- Players are reminded that under the Rules of Golf, a player incurs the applicable penalty for any breach of the rules by his caddy.
- The teams exchanged penalties early in the game as both vied for supremacy.
- 2.1A kick or shot awarded to a team because of a serious infringement of the rules by an opponent.More example sentences
- A breach of the rule will result in the opponents being awarded a penalty corner.
- The visitors were awarded a penalty, which they kicked into the corner.
- Three of their tries came from line-outs following penalties kicked into the corner and two more following forward drives.
- 2.2 Bridge Points won by the defenders when a declarer fails to make the contract.More example sentences
- If they win one trick each, or only one or zero tricks in total, both defenders pay the penalty.
- Playing is a commitment to win at least one trick, and there is a penalty for failing to do so.
- Next, if declarer has taken fewer than 6 tricks he pays a penalty of 20 units to the pot.
under (or on) penalty of
- Under the threat of: he ordered enterprises to fulfill contracts under penalty of strict finesMore example sentences
- Should employees then be required, under penalty of not getting any redundancy, to change from one culture of organisation to another, albeit on paper it is simply a name change?
- You mean the ones declared illegal by the republic under penalty of long painful death?
- It says, ‘I hereby declare under penalty of election falsification, that the statements above are true as I verily believe.’
early 16th century: probably via Anglo-Norman French, from medieval Latin poenalitas, based on poena 'pain'.