A synthetic antibiotic drug used chiefly in the treatment of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) infection.
- The growing problem of drug resistance to pentamidine and melarsoprol has driven clinicians to consider combination chemotherapy regimens.
- For patients that cannot tolerate any of these drugs, weekly inhaled pentamidine is used.
- Dapsone and inhaled pentamidine are commonly employed alternatives to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxasole, but appear to be somewhat less effective in preventing PCP.
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