Definition of perfective in English:


Syllabification: per·fec·tive
Pronunciation: /pərˈfektiv


  • Denoting or relating to an aspect of verbs, especially in Slavic languages that expresses completed action. The opposite of imperfective.
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    • The cognitive origin is taken to be the basic linguistic distinction between imperfective and perfective aspects of verbs, which describe uncompleted and completed actions.
    • One approach to these complex verb forms might be to analyse exponents of progressive and perfective aspect (be and have) as modifiers of the bare verb.
    • It has something that is similar, but it is really a distinction between imperfective and perfective aspect.


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  • 1A perfective form of a verb.
  • 1.1 (the perfective) The perfective aspect.
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    • In the Slavonic languages, the perfective and imperfective are signalled by inflections on the verb, the perfective denoting the completion of the activity and the imperfective its non-completion.


early 17th century (in the general sense 'tending to make complete'): from medieval Latin perfectivus, from Latin perfectus 'accomplished' (see perfect).

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