Share this entry

Share this page

perforation

Syllabification: per·fo·ra·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌpərfəˈrāSH(ə)n
 
/

Definition of perforation in English:

noun

1A hole made by boring or piercing; an aperture passing through or into something: the perforations allow water to enter the well
More example sentences
  • The weight of the metal drum is sufficient to keep it at the depth required and the perforations allow the water to pass through the drum.
  • The screen has millions of tiny perforations across it to allow sound to escape from speakers placed behind.
  • Such mating pairs are joined by a membrane, perforations in which allow exchange of cytoplasmic factors for several hours before any nuclear exchange.
1.1A small hole or row of small holes punched in a sheet of paper, e.g., of postage stamps, so that a part can be torn off easily.
Example sentences
  • He compares this to the paper perforations which prevent tearing across a postage stamp.
  • The cracks form perpendicularly to the cooling surface (the top of the flow) unless there are elongated vesicles, which act like the perforations in postage stamps, bending the cracks round them.
  • Carefully tear along perforations, separating the two ballot papers and the declaration of identity.
1.2The action or state of perforating or being perforated: there was evidence of intestinal perforation
More example sentences
  • Instead of the respiratory improvement, the patient died 15 days later of abdominal sepsis after intestinal perforation.
  • A polymicrobial culture raises the suspicion for intestinal perforation or abscess formation.
  • The liver, spleen, kidneys, and pancreas all looked normal, and no evidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation was detected.

Origin

late Middle English: from medieval Latin perforatio(n-), from the verb perforare (see perforate).

Definition of perforation in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day terpsichorean
Pronunciation: ˌtəːpsɪkəˈriːən
adjective
relating to dancing