Definition of perish in English:

perish

Syllabification: per·ish
Pronunciation: /ˈperiSH
 
/

verb

[no object]
1Suffer death, typically in a violent, sudden, or untimely way: a great part of his army perished of hunger and disease
More example sentences
  • We found her boat, in pieces on the shore, and I thought she had perished in a violent storm crossing the ocean.
  • Much of the army perished at the river, and most of the rest were captured.
  • Malnourished children do not typically perish from hunger but when children are weak, common childhood ailments become killers.
Synonyms
die, lose one's life, be killed, fall, expire, meet one's death, be lost, lay down one's life, breathe one's last, pass away, go the way of all flesh, give up the ghost, go to glory, meet one's maker, cross the great divide
1.1Suffer complete ruin or destruction: the old regime had to perish
More example sentences
  • He died in a shabby Roman hotel the year after that regime had perished.
  • They hoped the ruling party could help save the paper from perishing.
  • Will it successfully resist or perish due to state repression?
Synonyms
come to an end, die (away), disappear, vanish, fade, dissolve, evaporate, melt away, wither
1.2(Of rubber, a foodstuff, or other organic substance) lose its normal qualities; rot or decay: most domestic building was in wood and has perished
More example sentences
  • Some argue that organic fruit and vegetables perish quickly, but there's no need to waste food that has reached the end of its shelf life.
  • Since you're looking for foods that don't perish too fast and can be eaten without silverware, I suggest plant-based foods for lunches.
  • Leaks due to cracked or perished rubber make accurate measurement of blood pressure difficult because the fall in mercury cannot be controlled.
Synonyms
go bad, go off, spoil, rot, go moldy, molder, putrefy, decay, decompose

Origin

Middle English: from Old French periss-, lengthened stem of perir, from Latin perire 'pass away', from per- 'through, completely' + ire 'go'.

Phrases

perish the thought

informal Used, often ironically, to show that one finds a suggestion or idea completely ridiculous or unwelcome: he wasn’t out to get drunk—perish the thought!
More example sentences
  • Or even, perish the thought, an expenditure that need not have its results measured in dollars and cents, but as an altruistic good.
  • But perish the thought that you should actually cut your pay.
  • We wouldn't take a brown envelope - perish the thought!

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