The wars began in 490 bc when Darius I sent an expedition to punish the Greeks for having supported the Ionian cities in their unsuccessful revolt against Persian rule; the Persians were defeated by a small force of Athenians at Marathon. Ten years later, Darius’s son Xerxes I attempted an invasion. He devastated Attica, but Persian forces were defeated on land at Plataea and in a sea battle at Salamis (480 bc), and retreated. Intermittent war continued until peace was signed in 449 bc
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Syllabification: Per·sian Wars
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