Share this entry

Share this page

pharynx

Syllabification: phar·ynx
Pronunciation: /ˈferiNG(k)s
 
/

Definition of pharynx in English:

noun (plural pharynges /fəˈrinjēz/ or pharynxes)

Anatomy & Zoology
1The membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus.
Example sentences
  • As specialists, we visualise the pharynx and upper oesophagus with mirrors and a flexible laryngoscope and use rigid endoscopy under anaesthesia, which is the gold standard for investigation of this difficult area.
  • Derived from the Greek for throat, the pharynx is the continuous space behind the nose and the mouth that leads down both to the passage for food and to the passage for air.
  • The pharynx is connected to the esophagus and the larynx.
1.1 Zoology The part of the alimentary canal immediately behind the mouth in invertebrates.
Example sentences
  • C. elegans is a soil-dwelling nematode that takes in food through a neuromuscular organ, the pharynx.
  • Feeding flatworms extend a long pharynx out of their mouths. This tube leads directly into the digestive tract.
  • The pharynx is a long, narrow, almost vertical tube extending dorsally from the mouth. The pharynx dilator muscle extends from the pharynx to the midline of the carapace. Contractions of this muscle dilate the pharynx and draw liquid food in through the mouth from the preoral cavity.

Origin

late 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek pharunx, pharung-.

Definition of pharynx in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day Sprachgefühl
Pronunciation: ˈʃprɑːxɡəˌfuːl
noun
intuitive understanding of a language’s natural idiom…