Definition of phenolphthalein in English:

phenolphthalein

Syllabification: phe·nol·phthal·ein
Pronunciation: /ˌfēnəlˈTHālē(i)n
 
/

noun

Chemistry
  • A colorless crystalline solid (pink in alkaline solution) used as an acid-base indicator and medicinally as a laxative.
    • Chemical formula: C20H14O4
    More example sentences
    • The maintenance phase consisted of ‘Agarol’ (active ingredients: liquid paraffin, phenolphthalein, benzoic acid, and sorbic acid) 5-30 ml once or twice daily, senna granules, or bisacodyl tablets.
    • The non-osmotic laxatives, phenolphthalein and senna, partly act by stimulating secretory mechanisms in the intestine.
    • The listing is based on findings from feeding studies of phenolphthalein that caused cancer in multiple organs in multiple species of experimental animals.

Origin

late 19th century: from phenol + -phthal- (from naphthalene) + -in1.

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