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pigment

Syllabification: pig·ment

Definition of pigment in English:

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈpiɡmənt
 
/
1The natural coloring matter of animal or plant tissue.
Example sentences
  • Sources for pigments were animals, plants and minerals.
  • Lycopene is a red pigment that occurs naturally in certain plant and algal tissues.
  • Variegation in leaves is caused by a loss of light absorbing pigments in the plant cells.
1.1A substance used for coloring or painting, especially a dry powder that, when mixed with oil, water, or another medium, constitutes a paint or ink.
Example sentences
  • In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.
  • Evan chose his pigments and applied his paints parsimoniously.
  • She uses layers of hot beeswax tinted with oil paint and pigments, in bright hues of yellow, red, brown and orange, to make abstract works with texture and dimension.
Synonyms
coloring matter, coloring, colorant, color, tint, dye, dyestuff

verb

Pronunciation: /piɡˈment
 
/
[with object] (usually as adjective pigmented) Back to top  
Color (something) with or as if with pigment: pigmented areas such as freckles
More example sentences
  • In red wines there are usually sufficient adsorbed tannins and pigmented tannins to colour the crystals reddish brown and to ensure that they are small and irregular in shape.
  • According to my reference sources, albino birds are extremely rare in the wild, and they also tend to be attacked by the normally pigmented members of their flock.
  • As an unstably pigmented American, I had to endure both freckles and the early loss of hair color.

Origin

Middle English, from Latin pigmentum, from pingere 'to paint'. The verb dates from the early 20th century.

More
  • picture from (Late Middle English):

    The word picture goes back to a form of Latin pingere ‘to paint’, from which paint and pigment (Old English) also derive. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, claiming to cure everything from rheumatism to diabetes, were promoted with the advertising slogan every picture tells a story. The first known advertisement using it appeared in the Daily Mail of 26 February 1904. The novelist Charlotte Brontë had anticipated the advertising copy, though: in 1847 she wrote in Jane Eyre, ‘The letter-press…I cared little for…Each picture told a story.’ A caption in the magazine Printer's Ink for 8 December 1927, read: ‘Chinese proverb. One picture is worth ten thousand words.’ There is no evidence at all that it is Chinese, but a picture is worth a thousand words has certainly gone on to be a modern English proverb. Depict (Late Middle English) is from the verb depingere ‘portray’, from de- ‘completely’ and pingere.

Derivatives

pigmentary

1
Pronunciation: /-ˌterē/
adjective
Example sentences
  • No scarring or pigmentary alteration was seen in any study patient.
  • The main risks to the other lasers are the pigmentary changes, either slightly lighter or darker skin that is usually temporary, swelling for a few days or superficial flaking of the skin or sometimes blistering.
  • Thus, greater pigmentary changes were observed in the forehead compared to the forearm, a finding compatible with the greater distribution of melanocytes in this anatomic area.

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